|C3 AGAINST THE
On April 22 1918 the Royal Navy carried
out a raid on the Belgium port of Zeebrugge to block the entrance
to the canal, used by U-Boats based at Bruges. The old cruiser
HMS Vindictive was used to launch a night-time commando
attack on the harbour mole, while block ships were sunk in the
canal. Meanwhile, the old British submarine C3 rammed a
wooden railway viaduct that connected the mile-long mole to the
shore, to cut off German reinforcements. Full of tons of high
explosives, the boat was detonated after her small crew departed.
C3's commanding officer, Lieutenant Richard Sandford, was
awarded the Victoria Cross, one of 14 VCs awarded to members of
the RN's submarine service in the last century.